ABC's of A Plastic Filled World
However, working in this manner adds pressure to workers as personal and family time reduces. Employees are humans after all, not robots, they have attachments in life such as family and friends. When they are cut off from their loved ones, it causes stress and anxiety which lead to health consequences. Bowlby (1980) believes that attachments are developed early in life and have a basis of security and survival for the individual. When theses attachments are endangered or broken, there is a normal human response of anxiety and protest. Excessive use of smartphone can cause problems such as reduced sleeping hours and less family time. Work issues cause family conflicts and family responsibilities cause work interference. There is a clear relationship between these two and they affect employee performance.
A lack of disciplined use of the smartphone does not enable employees to achieve Work Life Balance (WLB). But that does not mean the smartphone itself is an obstacle to achieving WLB. To attain WLB, the management is to conduct training programs to instil digital discipline. For example, the training lessons can be focused on time management and personal performance management. This is to highlight the importance of WLB and help employees to recognise the areas of life that they can change to achieve WLB. With WLB achieved, individuals would have the time and energy to think about world issue like destruction of environment. With a collective effort, we can work towards building a sustainable world.